Troubleshoot Laptops That Don’t Start
Laptops – No Startup or Boot, Troubleshooting Black Screen with no Error Messages
Articled Copied from HP Support (These tips apply to all laptops of other brands ) http://h10025.www1.hp.com/ewfrf/wc/document?lc=en&dlc=hr&cc=hr&product=3619357&lang=hr&docname=c01997899#N1086
There are many reasons that a computer does not startup or boot into the Windows operating system. If your computer will not start or boot, you will see blinking LCD’s or hear beeps which are symptoms to indicate the general area of the problem.
Startup Symptom: LEDs glow, but computer fails to startup or boot, and displays a black screen
Use this document if the LEDs glow to indicate that power is available, the sound of a fan or spinning hard drive can be heard, but no colors, images, or text are displayed on the LCD display.
The cause of this problem may be the failure of a hardware component, or an error in the instruction being sent from the BIOS to a hardware component.
DO THIS FIRST – Perform a hard reset
If a PC suddenly fails to boot properly, you should perform a hard reset as the first procedure.
1.Disconnect all peripheral devices and remove all USB devices and media cards. You want to test the computer not the accessories!
2.Disconnect the AC power adapter, remove the battery, and then press and hold the power button for at least 15 seconds .
3.Reconnect the AC power adapter (but do not connect the battery), Press the Power button, Look for glowing LEDs near caps lock and num lock keys, and Listen for sounds of a disk drive and fan turning.
If a Hard Reset Doesn’t Fix Booting
Connect an external monitor
If there is a problem with the LCD display’s back light or a corrupted graphics driver, the display may appear blank but the notebook may be displaying information. Attach an external monitor to test the display.
If the image displays on the external monitor, there may be a graphics driver conflict. To resolve this, turn on the computer and press f8 key, then select Enable low-resolution video . If the image displays on the LCD display in low resolution, you can download and install the latest drivers for your specific graphics driver.
If there is an image on the external monitor but the notebook display remains black, contact support.
Disconnect all peripherals and repeat the hard reset
Even though users are instructed to disconnect all peripheral devices from the notebook when doing a hard reset , some devices are often overlooked.
Double-check that all devices are disconnected including: external keyboard and mouse (wired or wireless), USB connected external drives and devices, thumb drives and flash drives, network storage devices, PC card, SD memory cards, express card, eSata connections, firewire or similar devices, printer, scanner, camera, port replicator, or docking station, any CD/DVD from the optical disc drive, and any media from the multi-card reader.
Test for memory module problems
Some Laptops come with two sticks of memory and have two memory slots. If you experience a black screen error, the problem could be with one of the sticks of memory or with one of the memory slots. To determine what is causing the failure, try to isolate the problem by Performing a memory self test , Checking for loose memory modules , Testing the memory modules , and Testing the memory slots .
The memory module compartment on most notebooks is located on the bottom of the case. The exact position varies by model. However, on some models, the memory compartment is under the keyboard. See your User Guide for the exact location of memory modules on your notebook.
Perform memory self test
If the computer can access part of the memory, it may be possible to access the BIOS Setup Utility display and perform a memory self test to identify other memory issues. If the computer cannot boot to the BIOS Utility, try removing and reseating the memory and the hard drive, and then repeat the following steps to perform the memory self test.
- Plug the AC adapter into the computer.
- Turn off the computer and wait 5 seconds.
- Press the Power button to start the computer and repeatedly press the f10 key to enter the BIOS Setup menu.
- In the BIOS Setup Utility, use the Right Arrow or Left Arrow keys to navigate through the menu selection to locate the Diagnostics .
- Use the Up Arrow or Down Arrow keys to select Memory Test .
- Press Enter , and then Yes to perform memory test.
- After test completes, press f10 to Save and Exit , and then press Enter to Exit Saving Changes? .
If the test fails, one or more of the memory modules may not be seated properly. Check for and reseat loose memory modules.
Check for loose memory modules
If a memory module is loose or is not making good contact with the memory slots, the computer does not recognize all of the memory. Reseating the memory module may resolve memory failure errors. To reseat the memory module, take the memory module out of the memory slot and then put it back into the slot to get a better connection so that the computer can recognize the memory.
The memory module compartment on most notebooks is located on the bottom of the case, however, on some models, the memory compartment is under the keyboard. See your User Guide for the exact location of memory modules on your notebook.
Use the following steps to remove and reseat the memory modules:
Step 1 – Remove the electrical power
To remove all power from the computer and prevent accidental damage to the electronic components, do the following:
- Turn off the computer by pressing and holding down the Power button for about 30 seconds.
- Unplug the AC adaptor from the notebook.
- Slide and hold the battery release latch to the unlock position.
- Use your finger to lift the battery up and out.
Step 2 – Remove the memory module
- Remove the memory module cover on the bottom of the notebook.
1 – Loosen the compartment’s retention screws
2 – Lift up and remove the memory compartment cover
- Remove the memory modules from the memory slots.
1 – Pull the retention clips away from sides of the memory module
2 – Gently pull the module out of the memory module slot
|CAUTION:||To prevent damage to the memory module, grasp the memory module by the side edges. Do not touch the metal contacts.|
- Reseat the memory module by holding module at a 45-degree angle, and pressing it firmly into the memory slot until it is seated.
1 – Align the notched edge of the module with the tab in the slot.
2 – Firmly press the module into the slot.
3 – Pivot top edge of memory module downward until retention clips snap into place.
- After reseating the memory module, replace the cover over the memory compartment before restarting the computer.
1 – Align the cover tabs
2 – Tighten the memory compartment cover screws
Step 3 – Replace the electrical power
When troubleshooting problems, use only the AC power to perform the tests. After the problem is resolved, you can turn off the computer and insert the battery into the notebook.
- Plus the connection from the AC adapter into the notebook, and then connect the AC adapter to a working power supply.
- Perform any tests to verify the computer can startup and run in the Windows operating system.
- With the computer turned off, push the battery into the base enclosure until the retention clips click into position.
if the computer fails to boot to the Windows desktop after the memory is reseated and the battery is installed, contact HP for support.
Test the memory modules
Only one memory module is required for the computer to operate. If two memory modules are installed, each memory module should be tested in the computer independently of the other.
To test the memory modules, follow the steps below:
- With the AC adapter and battery disconnected, remove all the memory modules, and then insert one memory module in the first slot.
- Connect the AC adapter and turn on the notebook. If the computer starts up normally, the memory modules function correctly.
- Remove the AC adapter and turn off the notebook. Then repeat the same procedure for the second module.
- If the computer starts normally, then both memory modules are good.
After the memory is reseated, connect the AC adapter and turn on the notebook.
- If the computer starts up normally to the Windows desktop, no further action is needed.
- However, if the computer still stops at the black screen continue by testing the memory slots.
Test the memory slots
If a memory module does not work in both the slots, to test the individual memory slots, follow the steps below:
- After testing the memory modules as described above, insert one module in the second slot, connect the AC adapter and turn on the notebook.
If the computer starts up normally, the memory slot functions correctly.
- Remove the AC adapter and turn off the notebook. Then repeat the same procedure for the second slot.
If the computer starts up normally, you have verified that both memory modules and memory slots function correctly.
After the memory is reseated, replace the memory compartment cover, connect the AC adapter and turn on the notebook.
If you do not feel comfortable reseating the memory yourself, take the computer to a computer retailer and ask them to reseat it for you.
Test the hard drive
Many computer problems are related to soft failures (or degraded performance) on the hard drive. The HP Hard Drive Self Test will repair soft errors on the hard drive, but it will not report the errors. After the test is complete, restart the computer to see if test repaired the problem you may been experiencing.
Use the steps below to test the hard drive in a computer using the HP Hard Drive Self Test if you have a HP. Some brands may have their own test.
- Plug the AC Adapter into the computer.
- Turn off the computer and wait 5 seconds.
- Press the Power button to start the computer and repeatedly press the f10 key to enter the BIOS Setup Menu.
- Use the Left Arrow or Right Arrow keys to navigate through the menu selection to locate the Primary Hard Drive Self Test option. Depending on your BIOS, this may be located below either Diagnostics or Tools .
- Select Primary Hard Drive Self Test , and then press the Enter key to start the test.
|NOTE:||The exact wording for your particular BIOS may be slightly different.|
The Hard Drive Self Test performs a Quick Test followed by a Comprehensive Test . During each test, the window displays a status bar and an estimated time to completion.
- If any test fails , contact your laptops service and support for instructions on how to order a replacement hard drive.
- If all of the tests pass, the hard drive is not damaged. As a rule, most brands will not replace a hard drive under warranty that does not fail the the Hard Drive Self Test (Even if it’s a cause of slowiness)